Jallikattu (eru thazhuvuthal or manju virattu) is derived from jalli(salli) (coins) and kattu (package), which refers to a prize of coins that are tied to the bull’s horns and that participants attempt to retrieve it. It is a traditional sport in Tamil Nadu and practiced on Pongal celebrations. In which which a bull is released into a crowd of participants. All participants attempt to grab the large hump of the bull in attempting to stop the bull while bull attempts to escape. In some cases, participants must ride long enough to remove flags on the bull’s horns.
Jallikattu is practiced from the Tamil classical period (400-100 BC).It was common among the ancient people Aayars who lived in the ‘Mullai’ geographical division of the ancient Tamil Nadu and its symbol of bravery.
Rules of Jallikattu:
1)The bull will be released on the the arena through the vadi vasal, an entry gate.
2) The contestant should only hold the bull by its hump. Holding by the neck, horns or tail results in disqualification.
3)The tamer should hold the bull for 30 seconds or for 15 feet (4.6 m), whichever is longer when the bull runs.
4)If the bull throws the contestant off before the line or if no-one manages to hold on to the bull, then the bull will be declared victorious.
5)If the contestant manages to hold on to the hump till it crosses the finish line, then the contestant is declared the winner.
6)Only one contestant should hold on to the bull at one time. If more than one contestant holds on to the bull, then there is no winner.
7)No contestant should hit or hurt the bull in any manner.